Time to setup my new NUC7i3BNH.

Arch Linux I will install Arch Linux with no window manager and it will act as my home server with Seafile, Plex, Sickchill, sabnzbd, etc..

Preparation

Upgrade BIOS Firmware

  1. Download the latest BIOS
  2. Copy the .bios file to a USB drive
  3. Boot and enter the upgrade page with F7

Burn ISO to USB pen drive

  1. Download the Arch Linux ISO
  2. Burn the iso in the usb pen drive.
lsblk
cd Downloads
sudo dd bs=4M if=archlinux-2020.05.01-x86_64.iso of=/dev/sdc status=progress oflag=sync

Installation

Boot from the usb pen drive (setup the boot sequence entering the BIOS with F2).

First steps and testing Internet connection

Make sure to use the correct keyboard layout (e.g.: for a portuguese layout; use the ? key for the - character).

loadkeys pt-latin9

Test the Internet connection.

ip link
dhcpcd
ping archlinux.org

Activate the ntp service.

timedatectl set-ntp true

Make sure the en_US.UTF-8 is uncommented.

nano /etc/locale.gen
locale-gen

Create partitions

List the drives and use cgdisk to create the partitions.

lsblk
cgdisk /dev/nvme0n1

Partitions to create.

# Size Hexcode Label
1 1G ef00 boot_efi
2 1G ef02 boot
3 222G 8304 root
4 8.9G 8200 swap

Format the partitions.

mkfs.vfat /dev/nvme0n1p1
mkfs.ext4 /dev/nvme0n1p2
mkfs.ext4 /dev/nvme0n1p3
mkswap /dev/nvme0n1p4
swapon /dev/nvme0n1p4

Mounting the partitions

mount /dev/nvme0n1p3 /mnt
mkdir -p /mnt/boot
mount /dev/nvme0n1p2 /mnt/boot
mkdir -p /mnt/boot/efi
mount /dev/nvme0n1p1 /mnt/boot/efi

Install the base system

Choose a mirror near you.

nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Copy your preferred mirror to the first line.

Tips:

  • Alt+6 to copy a Server line.
  • PageUp key to scroll up.
  • Ctrl+U to paste it at the top of the list.
  • Ctrl+X to exit, and when prompted to save changes, press Y and Enter.

Refresh the packages list and install the base system.

pacman -Syy
pacstrap /mnt base base-devel linux linux-firmware

Generate the fstab file.

genfstab -U /mnt >> /mnt/etc/fstab

Configurations and boot manager

Change context to the base install mounted partitions.

arch-chroot /mnt

Install nano to edit files.

pacman -S nano

Define your local timezone.

ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/Europe/Lisbon /etc/localtime

Hardware clock.

hwclock --systohc --utc

Uncomment en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8 and generate the locale.

nano /etc/locale.gen
locale-gen

LANG and KEYMAP configurantion.

echo "LANG=en_US.UTF-8" >> /etc/locale.conf
echo "KEYMAP=pt-latin9" >> /etc/vconsole.conf

Hosts and hostname configuration.

echo "myhostname" >> /etc/hostname
echo "127.0.0.1  localhost" >> /etc/hosts
echo "::1        localhost" >> /etc/hosts
echo "127.0.1.1  myhostname.localdomain  myhostname" >> /etc/hosts

Install and enable network services.

pacman -S networkmanager
systemctl enable NetworkManager.service

Useful to have sooner than later.

pacman -S git wget unzip openssh
systemctl enable sshd

Create an initial ramdisk environment.

mkinitcpio -P

Change your root password.

passwd

Install grub.

pacman -S grub efibootmgr
grub-install --target=x86_64-efi --efi-directory=/boot/efi --bootloader-id=GRUB
grub-mkconfig -o /boot/grub/grub.cfg

Install intel-ucode.

pacman -S intel-ucode

Unmount and reboot.

exit
umount /mnt/boot/efi
umount /mnt/boot
umount /mnt
reboot

Log in as root and create your user.

useradd -m -g users -s /bin/bash myuser
chfn myuser
passwd myuser

Create a new group to match your user.

groupadd mygroup
gpasswd -a myuser mygroup

Add your user as a sudoer.

pacman -S sudo vi
visudo /etc/sudoers

Add: myuser ALL=(ALL) ALL

After installation

Fix the IP in the router DHCPCD table

I like to always have the same IP address and tipically I do that at the router level.

Authorized key to access from my desktop

On the server:

mkdir -p .ssh

On the desktop:

cat $HOME/.ssh/id_rsa.pub | ssh myuser@myhostname "cat >> .ssh/authorized_keys"

Install yay (Yet another Yogurt)

mkdir -p downloads
cd downloads
wget https://aur.archlinux.org/cgit/aur.git/snapshot/yay.tar.gz
tar xvf yay.tar.gz
cd yay
makepkg -sri

fstab and my NAS

In my server I have NFS mounted directories to my NAS.

yay -S nfs-utils

sudo systemctl enable rpcbind.service
sudo systemctl start rpcbind.service
sudo systemctl status rpcbind.service

sudo systemctl enable nfs-client.target
sudo systemctl start nfs-client.target
sudo systemctl status nfs-client.target

sudo systemctl enable NetworkManager-wait-online.service
sudo systemctl start NetworkManager-wait-online.service
sudo systemctl status NetworkManager-wait-online.service

sudo mkdir -p /home/nas
sudo mkdir -p /home/nas/media
sudo mkdir -p /home/nas/downloads

I reviewed the mount options, mounted /tmp in memory and added the NFS mountpoints.

UUID=XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX       /               ext4            noatime,discard,data=ordered,errors=remount-ro     0 1
UUID=XXXXXXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXX-XXXXXXXXXXXX       /boot           ext4            noatime,discard,data=ordered,errors=remount-ro     0 2
UUID=XXXX-XXXX          /boot/efi       vfat            rw,relatime,fmask=0022,dmask=0022,codepage=437,iocharset=iso8859-1,shortname=mixed,utf8,errors=remount-ro  0 2
tmpfs   /tmp   tmpfs   nodev,nosuid,noatime,mode=1777   0 0
/swapfile none swap defaults 0 0
mynasserver:/nfs/media     /home/nas/media     nfs  users,noauto,x-systemd.automount,x-systemd.device-timeout=10,timeo=14,soft,intr,noatime 0 0

rsync

yay -S rsync

Apache

https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Apache_HTTP_Server

I will tranfer all my configuration from the old server.

On the new server:

yay -S apache php-apache

On the old server:

sudo systemctl stop httpd
sudo systemctl disable httpd
sudo systemctl status httpd
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/httpd.tar.gz /etc/httpd

On the new server:

sudo systemctl stop httpd

cd /
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/httpd.tar.gz

sudo systemctl start httpd
sudo systemctl status httpd
sudo systemctl enable httpd

Sabnzbd

https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/SABnzbd

I will tranfer all my configuration from the old server.

On the new server:

yay -S sabnzbd python2-pyopenssl p7zip unzip

On the old server:

sudo systemctl stop sabnzbd
sudo systemctl disable sabnzbd
sudo systemctl status sabnzbd
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/sabnzbd.tar.gz /opt/sabnzbd

On the new server:

sudo systemctl stop sabnzbd

cd /
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/sabnzbd.tar.gz

# find and replace the old server hostname for the new one
sudo vi /opt/sabnzbd/sabnzbd.ini

sudo systemctl start sabnzbd
sudo systemctl status sabnzbd
sudo systemctl enable sabnzbd

Check if everything is working: https://myhostname:9090/sabnzbd/

Sickchill

I will tranfer all my configuration from the old server.

On the new server:

yay -S sickchill-git

On the old server:

sudo systemctl stop sickchill
sudo systemctl disable sickchill
sudo systemctl status sickchill
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /opt/sickchill.tar.gz /opt/sickchill
sudo scp /opt/sickchill.tar.gz root@myhostname:/home/myuser
sudo rm /opt/sickchill.tar.gz

On the new server:

sudo systemctl stop sickchill

cd /
sudo cp /home/myuser/sickchill.tar.gz .
sudo tar -xvf sickchill.tar.gz
sudo rm /home/myuser/sickchill.tar.gz
sudo rm sickchill.tar.gz

# find and replace the old server hostname for the new one
sudo vi /opt/sickchill/data/config.ini

sudo systemctl start sickchill
sudo systemctl status sickchill
sudo systemctl enable sickchill

Check if everything is working: http://myhostname:8081/home/

Plex

I will tranfer all my configuration from the old server.

On the new server:

yay -S plex-media-server-plexpass

On the old server:

sudo systemctl stop plexmediaserver
sudo systemctl disable plexmediaserver
sudo systemctl status plexmediaserver
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/plexmediaserver.tar.gz /usr/lib/plexmediaserver
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/plex.tar.gz /var/lib/plex

On the new server:

sudo systemctl stop plexmediaserver

cd /
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/plexmediaserver.tar.gz
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/plex.tar.gz

sudo systemctl start plexmediaserver
sudo systemctl status plexmediaserver
sudo systemctl enable plexmediaserver

Reviewed the port forwarding in my router:

Plex 32400 32400 x.x.x.x BOTH
Plex DLNA Server 1900 1900 x.x.x.x UDP
Plex DLNA Server (TCP) 32469 32469 x.x.x.x TCP
Plex GDM _ 1 32410 32410 x.x.x.x UDP
Plex GDM _ 2 32412 32412 x.x.x.x UDP
Plex GDM _ 3 32413 32413 x.x.x.x UDP
Plex GDM _ 4 32414 32414 x.x.x.x UDP

Check if everything is working: https://app.plex.tv/

Seafile

https://www.seafile.com/en/download/

On the new server:

yay -S certbot-apache

On the old server:

sudo systemctl stop seahub
sudo systemctl stop seafile
sudo systemctl stop mysqld
sudo systemctl disable seahub
sudo systemctl disable seafile
sudo systemctl disable mysqld

sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/letsencrypt.tar.gz /etc/letsencrypt
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/mysql.tar.gz /var/lib/mysql
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/ccnet.tar.gz /srv/seafile/ccnet
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/conf.tar.gz /srv/seafile/conf
#sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /home/nas/downloads/pro-data.tar.gz /srv/seafile/pro-data
sudo tar --xattrs -czpvf /srv/seafile/seahub-data.tar.gz /srv/seafile/seahub-data

sudo scp -p /etc/systemd/system/seafile.service myuser@myhostname:/home/myuser/seafile.service
sudo scp -p /etc/systemd/system/seahub.service myuser@myhostname:/home/myuser/seahub.service

On the new server:

cd /
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/letsencrypt.tar.gz
sudo certbot certificates

sudo useradd -m -r -d /srv/seafile -s /usr/bin/nologin seafile
sudo groupadd nogroup

sudo mkdir -p /home/nas/seafile-data
sudo chmod 750 /home/nas/seafile-data

sudo vi /etc/fstab
# add an entry for nas:/nfs/seafile-data
sudo shutdown -r now

sudo ls -lah /home/nas/seafile-data

yay -S python-imaging mysql-python libsearpc libsepol libselinux mariadb jdk8-openjdk python-pdftotext

sudo mariadb-install-db --user=mysql --basedir=/usr --datadir=/var/lib/mysql

sudo systemctl stop mysqld

cd /
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/mysql.tar.gz

sudo systemctl start mysqld
sudo systemctl status mysqld
sudo systemctl enable mysqld

mysql -u root -p

sudo -u seafile -s /bin/sh
cd /srv/seafile
mkdir -p seafile-data
wget "https://download.seafile.com/d/XXXXXXX/files/?p=/pro/seafile-pro-server_7.0.17_x86-64.tar.gz&dl=1" -O seafile-pro-server_7.0.17_x86-64.tar.gz
tar -xzf seafile-pro-server_*
mkdir installed
mv seafile-pro-server_*tar.gz installed
exit

cd /
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/ccnet.tar.gz
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/conf.tar.gz
#sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/pro-data.tar.gz
sudo tar -xvf /home/nas/downloads/seahub-data.tar.gz
sudo cp /home/myuser/seafile.service /etc/systemd/system/seafile.service
sudo cp /home/myuser/seahub.service /etc/systemd/system/seahub.service
sudo rm /home/myuser/seafile.service
sudo rm /home/myuser/seahub.service
sudo systemctl daemon-reload

sudo -u seafile -s /bin/sh
ln -s /home/nas/seafile-data /srv/seafile/seafile-data
ls ...
cd /srv/seafile
cd seafile-pro-server-7.0.17
upgrade/minor-upgrade.sh
ls ..
exit

sudo find /srv/seafile ! -user seafile -exec chown seafile:seafile {} \;
sudo find /home/nas/seafile-data ! -user seafile -exec chown seafile:seafile {} \;

sudo -u seafile -s /bin/sh
cd /srv/seafile
rm -rf pro-data/search
exit

sudo systemctl start seafile
sudo systemctl status seafile
sudo systemctl enable seafile
sudo systemctl start seahub
sudo systemctl status seahub
sudo systemctl enable seahub

sudo -u seafile -s /bin/sh
cd /srv/seafile/seafile-server-latest
./pro/pro.py search --update

Reviewed the port forwarding in my router:

seafile 8082 8082 x.x.x.x BOTH
seahub 8000 8000 x.x.x.x BOTH
seafile (Web) 80 80 x.x.x.x BOTH
seafile (Web SSL) 443 443 x.x.x.x BOTH
seafile (webdav) 8080 8080 x.x.x.x BOTH
seafdav 8083 8083 x.x.x.x BOTH

Check if everything is working: https://myseafileurl/